JUSTICE AS THE BASIS OF ECONOMIC LIFE

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Justice (‘adl) means to divide two things equally or keep the balance. The Qur’an uses it for justice in all matters, and Islam teaches the believers to be fair in their dealings, as we read in:

God commands you to deliver trusts (all public affairs, duties and posts and positions) to those entitled to them. And, when you judge between people, judge with justice. How excellent is what God exhorts you to do. Assuredly, God is All-Hearing, All-Seeing. (4:58)

Islam commands the believers to be just among themselves and exhorts them to be fully just even to their enemies:

O you who believe, be upholders and standard-bearers of right for God’s sake, being witnesses for establishing absolute justice, and never let your hatred for a people move you to deviate from justice. Be just, (for) this is nearer and more suited to piety. Try to attain piety and always act in reverence for God. Assuredly, God is fully aware of whatever you do. (5:8)

Justice and righteousness are the cornerstone of the Islamic way of life. God’s Messenger was known for this justice even before he declared his Prophethood. Throughout his life, he exhorted his followers to be truthful and just. Moreover, he set a perfect example of justice even to the followers of other religions and his enemies.

In accordance with the Divine law, the concept of social justice lays down certain conditions to treat people as individuals having liberty and equality as their birthright. This concept provides them with equal opportunities for personal development so that they are better able to fill the position to which they are entitled, to give each person his or her due, and to regulate his or her relations with society in terms of value and welfare.

 

Senturk, Omer Faruk. “Charity in Islam” Tughra Books Press. January 2007.