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Wills are operative only for one-third of property and favor persons other than creditors and heirs. The goal of this rule seems to be twofold: To permit a person to adjust things, in extraordinary cases, when the normal rule causes hardship (one-third of the property is enough for fulfilling such moral duties) and to prevent the accumulation of wealth among a few people. This could happen if one willed all of his or her property to only one person. Islam desires that wealth circulate as widely as possible, taking into account the family’s interest.

Senturk, Omer Faruk. “Charity in Islam” Tughra Books Press. January 2007.